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Nutrition of Tomatoes And Health Benefits Of Tomatoes Products

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Hi Friends, Discover Nutrition and Health Benefits of Tomatoes Via Studies and Trials.

Nutrition And Health Benefits Of Tomatoes

Author: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos
Picture Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bright_red_tomato_and_cross_section02.jpg
Licensed by: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl-1.2.html

Lets Go through The Nutrition Of Tomatoes Below.

Nutrition

Red tomatoes, raw

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

Energy

74 kJ (18 kcal)

Carbohydrates

3.9 g

Sugars

2.6 g

Dietary fiber

1.2 g

Fat

0.2 g

Protein

0.9 g

Vitamins

Vitamin A equiv.

beta-carotene

lutein zeaxanthin

(5%)

42 μg

(4%)

449 μg

123 μg

Thiamine (B1)

(3%)

0.037 mg

Niacin (B3)

(4%)

0.594 mg

Vitamin B6

(6%)

0.08 mg

Vitamin C

(17%)

14 mg

Vitamin E

(4%)

0.54 mg

Vitamin K

(8%)

7.9 μg

Trace metals

Magnesium

(3%)

11 mg

Manganese

(5%)

0.114 mg

Phosphorus

(3%)

24 mg

Potassium

(5%)

237 mg

Other constituents

Water

94.5 g

Lycopene

2573 µg


Link to USDA Database entry

Percentages are roughly approximated usingUS recommendations for adults.

Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Tomatoes are now eaten freely throughout the world. They contain the carotene lycopene, one of the most powerful natural antioxidants. In some studies, lycopene, especially in cooked tomatoes, has been found to help prevent prostate cancer,[47] but other research contradicts this claim.[48] Lycopene has also been shown to improve the skin’s ability to protect against harmful UV rays.[49] A study done by researchers at Manchester and Newcastle universities revealed that tomato can protect against sunburn and help keeping the skin looking youthful.[50] Natural genetic variation in tomatoes and their wild relatives has given a genetic plethora of genes that produce lycopene, carotene, anthocyanin, and other antioxidants. Tomato varieties are available with double the normal vitamin C (Doublerich), 40 times normal vitamin A(97L97), high levels of anthocyanin (resulting in blue tomatoes), and two to four times the normal amount of lycopene (numerous available cultivars with the high crimson gene).

Source Of Nutrition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato#Nutrition
Licensed by: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0

Summary of the List of Benefits

– obesity
– metabolic syndrome
– type 2 diabetes
– osteoporosis
-periodontal disease
– rheumatoid arthritis
– neurological degenerative disorders
– inflammatory bowel disorders
– regulate blood pressure

Reduce Cancers such as
– colorectal
– gastric
– lung
– prostate
– pancreas

Lets Proceed to The Health Benefits of Tomatoes

1) First Lets Discuss Lycopene, in raw tomatoes there is lycopene but when its cooked, the lycopene content becomes more available.

2) Cooking Tomatoes with Fat is better, so suggestion is to use good oil such as extra virgin olive oil to cook tomatoes.

“Lycopene

Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that gives tomatoes their deep red color and protects against disease. Eating a single serving of tomatoes increases the lycopene level in the bloodstream. When tomatoes are cooked, their lycopene content becomes more available to the body. The body also uses lycopene better when tomato products are prepared with fat such as oil.[2] Scientists believe that it is more than just the isolated lycopene in tomato products offering health benefits. It is the synergy of an array of plant nutrients and compounds working together in the tomato to protect from disease. Eating a regular supply of tomato products has been linked with a reduced rate of chronic diseases.”

“Cancer reduction

Eating tomato products has been linked with reduced risks of colorectal, gastric, lung, prostate, and pancreas cancer. The anti-cancer properties in tomatoes seem to be related to their antioxidant levels, particularly from their lycopene, beta-carotene, vitamin C, and phenols. Eating one serving of tomatoes or tomato products every day, but not supplementation with lycopene alone, may help protect against DNA damage that is involved in developing prostate cancer, according to research.[3] Researchers from the UC Davis Health System in Sacramento, CA report that processed tomato products provide sources of lycopene, readily available to the body, that can protect against oxidative damage and cancer-causing effects. The research on tomato products suggests that it is the synergistic effect with lycopene and other nutrients in the tomato that unleashes these positive effects. [4]

In the most comprehensive scientific analysis of cancer prevention and causation ever undertaken, an expert panel of scientists for the American Institute for Cancer Research reviewed over 4,000 trials, studies, and reports in order to create the organization’s Second Expert Report – Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. The report notes that there is a substantial amount of evidence on tomato products and that food containing lycopene probably does protect against cancer. In particular, foods containing lycopene are cited as providing a convincing decreased risk for prostate cancer.[5]

Tomato Rich Diet Benefits Heart Health By

– increasing Good HDL Cholesterol by 15.2 %
– decrease bad LDL Choleseterol by 13 %

However, it is important to eat them moderately in a balanced way. 

“Tomato products and heart health

Scientists have observed that among people with high levels of lycopene in their bloodstream, there is a tendency for lower rates of cardiovascular disease. This prompted them to investigate the role of lycopene and tomato products on heart disease. In one study, researchers examined data from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study and found that lycopene concentrations in the blood may play a protective role in the early stages of atherosclerosis, a disease characterized by narrowing of the arteries that can disrupt blood flow to the heart or brain.[6]Researchers examining data from the EURAMIC study, which included people from 10 European countries, reported that lycopene may be at the root of the cardio-protective power of a diet rich in vegetables. [7] Israeli researchers found that a tomato-rich diet increased “good” HDL-cholesterol levels significantly by 15.2 percent. [8] Daily intake of tomato products, like tomato sauce and tomato juice, may reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol levels by 13 per cent, according to a recent Finnish study published in the British Journal of Nutrition.[9]

Tomatoes contain nutrients that may work in concert to protect lipoproteins and vascular cells from oxidation, the most widely accepted theory for the genesis of atherosclerosis, according to researchers form the Department of Food Science at North Carolina State University. Other heart-protective activities in tomatoes may include the reduction of “bad” LDL cholesterol, homocysteine, platelet aggregation, and blood pressure. [10]

Tomato products may protect against inflammation, a significant underlying cause of cardiovascular disease, as well as cancer, obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, periodontal disease, rheumatoid arthritis, neurological degenerative disorders, and inflammatory bowel disorders. Such were the findings from a recent multi-center, randomized, controlled trial on the effects of processed tomatoes on vasodilatation and C-reactive protein in overweight and obese men and women, presented by one of the study researchers, Rose M Giordano, PhD on 19 April 2009 at the Experimental Biology meeting held in New Orleans, LA. Using data from adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999 – 2004), the researchers recently found that consumption of processed tomatoes was associated with significantly lower serum C-reactive protein. C-reactive protein is a recognized biomarker of inflammation.

Tomato products are the second highest vegetable dietary contributor of potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure. High blood pressure orhypertension is one of the leading risk factors for heart attack and stroke. The essential mineral, potassium, A low potassium diet can cause high blood pressure. A potassium-rich diet blunts the effects of eating salt on blood pressure. Because potassium and sodium work in opposition to one another, pushing up potassium intake can help flush sodium from the body in order to decrease blood pressure.”

Benefits Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato_products_and_human_health
Licensed by: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0)

In Conclusion, You can consume cooked tomatoes, fresh tomatoes and even tomato products as you like. But Eat all in moderation. Suggestion is to eat 1 serving a day.  You can also eat more if you like in moderation.

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